All FDA-approved methods of contraception, including condoms and diaphragms.
Implant: a small plastic rod is placed by a physician in your upper arm during an office visit. It provides contraception for up to 3 years.
IUD: The IUD is a small T-shaped device that a physician places in your uterus during an office visit.
The Mirena IUD is made of plastic, contains a small dose of hormone, and is good for up to 5 years.
The Paragard IUD is made of copper and lasts up to 10 years.
The Skyla IUD is made of plastic, contains a small dose of progesterone, and is good for up to 3 years.
Birth Control Pills, Patch or Rings
Oral Contraceptives, also known as The Pill, are available in a variety of formulations.
The contraceptive patch, also known as Ortho-Evra, is a hormonal contraceptive patch you place on your skin. The patch is replaced once a week.
The contraceptive ring, NuvaRing, is a flexible plastic ring placed inside the vagina and replaced every three weeks.
Birth Control Injection: Depo-Provera is a contraceptive injection given at your physician’s office once every three months.
Also known as the Morning After Pill, emergency contraception can be used up to 120 hours (5 days) after unprotected sex to reduce your chances of becoming pregnant. It is more effective the sooner you use it after unprotected sex. Plan B One-Step is available over the counter and without a prescription. Ask your physician what type of EC is recommended for you.
Male and female sterilization are permanent forms of contraception. Sterilization for women can be done surgically or as a procedure in the office.
Natural family planning
Family planning is also protective against sexually transmitted diseases (STD), which is linked to infertility and death. If you have had unprotected sex in the past, it is important to get tested. STDs often have no obvious sign or physical symptoms, therefore regular screenings are critical.